Assad or We Burn the Country: How One Family's Lust for Power Destroyed Syria

In spring 2011, Syrian President Bashar al Assad turned to his friend and army commander, Manaf Tlass, for advice about how to respond to Arab Spring inspired protests Tlass pushed for conciliation but Assad decided to crush the uprising an act which would catapult the country into an eight year

The Battle For Syria: International Rivalry In The New Middle East

An unprecedented analysis of the crucial but underexplored roles the United States and other nations have played in shaping Syria s ongoing civil war Most accounts of Syria s brutal, long lasting civil war focus on a domestic contest that began in 2011 and only later drew foreign nations into the es